What is bendiocarb?
- Bendiocarb belongs to a class of insecticide known as carbamates.
- Bendiocarb was withdrawn from use in the United states in 2001 but is still available here in Britain. That may soon change.
What is bendiocarb used for?
- In pest control bendiocarbs are used to control a wide range of insects such as beetles, spiders, aphids, mites, wasps, cockroaches and ants.
- Bendiocarb may be licenced for both indoor and outdoor use.
- Products containing bendiocarb are usually formulated as dusts and powders so are mainly targeted at crawling insects.
How does bendiocarb work?
- Bendiocarb disrupts the normal functioning of an insect's nervous system and may kill by either contact or ingestion.
- Bendiocarb disrupts the nervous system by interfering with an enzyme necessary for normal nerve transmission.
How toxic is bendiocarb?
- Bendiocarb-containing products are low to moderate in toxicity. The pure chemical is highly toxic. The formulated products are typically lower in toxicity because of the reduced concentration of
- Bendiocarb is moderately to highly toxic to both male and female rats. Bendiocarb is highly toxic to
guinea pigs and rabbits.
- When researchers applied bendiocarb to the skin of rats, they found it to be moderately toxic.
What effect does bendiocarb have on wildlife?
- Pure bendiocarb is highly toxic to birds such as ducks and quail.
- Bendiocarb is highly toxic to honey bees.
- Bendiocarb is also extremely toxic to earthworms, reducing a population over 90% in one study in which bendiocarb was applied at a standard rate.
- Bendiocarb is also moderately to highly toxic to several species of fish and aquatic invertebrates such as shrimp, crabs, and insects.
Signs of toxicity in humans.
- Early symptoms associated with bendiocarb exposure may include headache, malaise, muscle weakness, nausea, gastrointestinal cramps, sweating, and restlessness.
- Greater exposures to bendiocarb may lead to pin-point pupils, tearing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle twitching, and problems with coordination.
- Severe poisonings can result in convulsions, coma, and death.