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Bed Bug Control

Bed bugs are notoriously difficult to eliminate even for the seasoned professional, but with the right preparation and thoroughness we have everything you need to successfully get on top of your bed bug problem.
Methodically prepare the room by stripping the bed and bagging the linen for laundering, thoroughly vacuum the mattress, floor and any soft furnishings, dismantle the bed, bedside cabinet and any other items of furniture where bed bugs might be hiding.
Use a range of our bed bug products to treat the room, smoke bombs as a first resort to kill any exposed bugs, insecticidal spray for the carpets, mattress and any other soft furnishings and insecticidal powder for treating inside divan beds, wardrobes or around electrical items and sockets.

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    Although bed bugs in themselves are not difficult to kill, the challenge is in finding all their hiding places. Young bed bugs can hide in crevices no wider than the thickness of a sheet of writing paper.

    Unless all the bugs are eliminated, they will simple re-build their numbers and continue to give you a problem.

    This is a fairly long section but if you are serious about bed bug control you should read it before starting with any control measures.

    Before attempting any form of control it is essential to make time to thouroughly inspect the premises in order to identify existing and potential bed bug hiding places. The effectivness of any control measures you do will be largely dependent on the thoroughness of your initial survey.

    If your problem is from a long-established infestation within houses of multi-occupancy, blocks of flats, hotels etc., then we recommend that you employ a specialist pest control company as such infestations can be extremely difficult and costly to eliminate.

    Most small or new infestations can be dealt with on a DIY basis, but be aware that several treatments may be required to effect complete control because an amateur may not identify and treat all harbourages the first time.

    Start your search close to the bed and gradually search the rest of the room.

    Where to look for evidence of bed bugs:

    • joints in the bed frame and places where fabric has been attached to the bed frame or the head-board
    • the mattress, particularly seams, buttons and edge beading
    • gaps behind the skirting boards and/or floor boards
    • gaps behind loose or torn wallpaper
    • gaps behind electrical fittings
    • bedroom furniture; remove all drawers and inspect all cracks, crevices, joints and seams inside and out
    • remember that young bed bugs can access hiding places no thicker than a single sheet of writing paper

    What you are looking for:

    • the bed bug itself (a pyrethroid-based aerosol such as Fortefog Aerosol sprayed lightly around potential hiding areas will often force the bugs into view - don't spray around electrical appliances)
    • eggs or empty egg cases
    • blackish spots of bug excrement
    • blood smears

    How to eliminate:

    Non-chemical methods:

    Non-chemical measures play a significant role in the effective management of bed bug populations and should always be among the first control measures implemented.

    First:

    • Steam clean - bed bugs (and dust mites) succumb very rapidly to excessive heat
    • Vacuum clean - as part of a good housekeeping programme for reducing dust and debris that provide hiding places for bugs and mites
    • launder clothes, curtains and other fabrics
    • discard/burn heavily infested items
    • eliminate harbourages by sealing cracks and crevices

    The best non-chemical methods to control bed bugs are:

    • the use of chemicals should be avoided when dealing with mattresses, instead use a portable steam unit to thoroughly clean the mattress and kill all bed bugs and dust mites. The seams and buttons on mattresses are prime hiding places for bugs and must be thoroughly steam cleaned
    • fabrics such as curtains and bed clothes as well as any clothing stored within the infested room should be removed in sealed plastic bags and hot washed and dried
    • where possible, use a non-chemical dust such as Oa2ki powder (Diatomaceous Earth) to puff lightly into cracks and crevices, within the framework of beds, wardrobes, chests of draws, floorboards and any other accessible potential hiding places
    • in areas where it is not possible to get the Oa2ki powder, try spraying Oa2ki spray (but not into electrical fittings or appliances). Oa2ki spray is suitable for smooth surfaces where the dust will not stick, or would appear unsightly. The dust is suitable for use behind electrical fittings if applied very sparingly
    • take great care to treat all potential harbourages and then seal the access where you can with a sealant compound or decorators caulk. Sealing the crevices will stress the bugs and cause them to move about more, increasing the likelihood of them contacting the dust or spray that you applied into the crevices

    Synthetic chemical methods:

    Insecticidal resistance is becoming an increasing problem in the treatment of bed bugs, which is further reason to try and use insecticides only as a back-up to other methods of control. No-one likes using insecticides in the home but from time to time they may be the only 'last resort' method available. However, this should not be the case with bed bugs.

    Synthetic chemicals for bed bug control:

    • everything referred to in the non-chemical treatment for bed bugs applies in exactly the same way but substitute Residex P Powder for Oa2ki dust and Cyperbug for Oa2ki spray. Do not use either of these products on the mattress.

    Remember:

    The secretive life style of the bed bug and its ability to occupy the smallest of cracks and crevices make it difficult to eliminate from an environment with a single attempt. You must be prepared to be vigilant and to repeat the treatment as necessary. It is very common, even with the services of professional pest controllers, for the bugs to 're-appear' after a few months. This may be due to re-introduction but is usually because the original infestation has not been completely eliminated.

    Attention to detail is the key to effective bed bug control.

    Please browse through our bed bug control products, including sprays and powders, and just contact us if you require any further assistance.

    Use pecticides safely and always read and understand the labels.

    Bed Bugs are closely associated with their principle prey, humans, so are to be found close to human sleeping places.

    Bed Bug description:

    • adults are about 5mm long
    • reddish brown in colour, purple after feeding
    • well developed antennae
    • six legs with clawed feet
    • simple eyes

    Bed Bug life cycle:

    • eggs are 0.8-1.3mm long x 0.4-0.6mm wide
    • cemented to surfaces in large numbers
    • first stage nymphs hatch after 10-20 days and are 1mm long
    • nymphs are similar to adults but lighter in colour
    • egg to adult takes 9 - 18 weeks depending on temperature
    • adults live for a further 9 - 18 months
    • adult and nymph can live for months without food
    • can breed throughout the year in suitably warm conditions


    Most bed bug infestations are to be found in domestic premises, hotels and guest houses, usually in bedrooms.

    • they hide in cracks and crevices during the day and come out to feed at night, usually just before dawn
    • their hiding places will be close to where their hosts sleep: in the bed frame or mattress, in furniture, behind the skirtings, inside light switches and fittings, behind torn wallpaper and pictures, within folds of curtains and other fabrics or anywhere they can find dark and secure harbourage
    • they can also travel between rooms through cavity walls and ducting so your infestation may have originated next door, and vice-versa
    • they can withstand many months, even a year, without feeding thereby increasing their chances of survival during long transits
    • bed bugs cannot fly, they must either crawl or be transported in clothes, luggage, books or other objects between their habitats

    The wide diversity of potential harbourages should be kept in mind whilst searching for evidence of infestation.

    Evidence of infestation:

    • bug excrement gives a characteristic speckled appearance to their harbourages
    • bites on exposed parts of the body, often hard whitish swelling
    • unpleasant almond-like smell in infested rooms
    • spots of blood on the bed fabric

    In order to prevent future infestations of bed bugs it is important to understand how they tend to be transported between residences.

    The most common sources of bed bug infestation within private residential homes are:

    • within the luggage of returning travellers
    • within the structure of second-hand furniture and other goods brought into the house
    • within second-hand clothing and fabrics

    Whilst on vacation it is advisable to be vigilant about where staying and always be aware that you may be bringing home unwanted guests in your suitcases. Launder all clothes immediately on return and keep a suitable aerosol or steam cleaner in the house to spray/clean luggage before and after your trip.

    If you wish to introduce second-hand furniture, fabrics etc into your house then carefully inspect them first and where appropriate, either launder in a hot wash, spray with Oa2ki which is pesticide-free organic insect control spray based on natural plant extracts or steam clean.

    The most common sources of bed bug infestation within houses in multi-occupation are:

    • within the luggage and/or clothing of the residents
    • from adjoining rooms or buildings via ducting or cavity walls

    The best way to deal with these infestations is through early identification. Early identification can be greatly assisted through high standards of hygiene and good house-keeping which will help reveal the presence of bugs. The sooner their presence is identified and action taken the more effective and cheaper control will be.

    After having successfully completed the bug control exercise, go round the room/s and seal all potential bug hiding places with a suitable mastic or decorators caulk.

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